Robbery

Streeton Criminal Lawyers Sydney

THE OFFENCE

Robbery is an offence under section 94 of the Crimes Act 1900 (NSW). The maximum penalty is imprisonment for 14 years.

This charge may not be heard by a magistrate in the Local Court and must be heard in the District Court.

The offence of robbery is committed when one person robs another person.

WHAT THE PROSECUTION MUST PROVE

To prove robbery, the prosecution must show beyond reasonable doubt that:

  • A person intended to steal, and
  • That person took property from another person’s immediate control or presence, and
  • The property was taken through the use of threats or force, causing the victim fear

DEFENCES

The onus is on the prosecution to prove every element of the offence beyond a reasonable doubt.

A defence that may be open to an accused person is a claim of right. For such a defence to a charge of robbery the accused must establish that he or she believed that he or she was entitled to take the property.

WILL I GO TO JAIL?

The courts regard the offence of robbery as a very serious offence and upon conviction a custodial sentence is normally imposed.

The New South Wales Court of Criminal Appeal has handed down a guideline judgment in relation to robbery with an offensive weapon: R v Henry (1999) 46 NSWLR 346. The court stated that a category of case which is sufficiently common for the purposes of determining a guideline comprises the following elements:

(i)             young offender with no or little criminal history;

(ii)            weapon like a knife, capable of killing or inflicting serious injury

(iii)           limited degree of planning

(iv)           limited, if any, actual violence but a real threat thereof

(v)            victim in a vulnerable position such as a shopkeeper or taxi driver

(vi)           small amount taken

(vii)          plea of guilty, the significance of which is limited by a strong Crown case.

The court stated that sentences for an offence of this character should generally fall between four and five years for the full term. Aggravating and mitigating factors will justify a sentence below or above the range which is itself a starting point.

In passing sentence the judge will consider whether there was a plea of guilty, the circumstances of the offence, whether the criminal history of the offender as well as the subjective circumstances of the offender.

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